Ciabatta Bread

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This simple Ciabatta Bread recipe will give you a rustic Italian loaf that is perfect for dipping into soups or sauces. The high hydration in this bread results in a wonderfully chewy center and tons of irregular holes.

Front view of Ciabatta Bread cut in half so the inside is visible.

Homemade ciabatta bread

This is probably the easiest ciabatta bread recipe you’ll come across. It is an 80% hydration bread which means it’s very wet and sticky. 

Because of this, you’ll need a stand mixer to make the dough. Otherwise, it will be near impossible to mix the dough.

The mixer will do all the mixing and kneading for you. This is why I say it’s the easiest recipe.

No-knead recipes are the best! I make baguettes, pizza dough, and slow cooker bread all the time because they require little effort. And now I’ll be making ciabatta bread just as often, if not more.

Ciabatta means slipper in Italian. Can you see how the bread gets its name? It’s shaped just like a slipper!

Overhead view of a loaf of ciabatta bread on brown parchment paper.

Are there eggs in ciabatta bread?

There are no eggs in ciabatta bread. It’s made with flour, water, yeast, and salt.

What do you use ciabatta bread for?

You slice ciabatta bread at an angle and drizzle it with olive oil. It can also be used for dipping in soup or soaking up a sauce.

Or you can slice it lengthwise and make an Italian Style sandwich. Whichever way you decide to enjoy this bread, I’m sure you’ll be impressed with the texture and flavor.

How do you heat up ciabatta bread?

You can heat ciabatta bread by wrapping it in aluminum foil and baking in a 350°F oven for 10-15 minutes.

Main ingredients for ciabatta bread

Bread flour – this is essential for the sturdy texture of this bread.

Yeast – you can use instant or active dry yeast. Either one will work. Just be sure to use a quality brand like Red Star®.

Water – there’s a lot of water in this bread and it’s the only liquid the recipe calls for.

Salt – salt boosts the flavor of ciabatta bread but also slows down the fermentation and enzyme activity in the dough. It helps to strengthen and support volume as well.

How to make ciabatta bread?

Step 1: Make the sponge

Combine flour, yeast, and water in a large bowl. Stir it with a wooden spoon until it’s well mixed and free of lumps.

Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and let sit at room temperature for at least 15 hours but up to 20 hours. The longer you let the sponge sit, the more flavor and structure the final bread will have.

poolish being mixed in glass bowl with wooden spoon next to bowl of fermented poolish

Step 2: Make the dough

In the bowl of a stand mixer, combine the sponge with more flour, water, salt, and yeast. Mix it with the dough hook until the dough no longer sticks to the sides of the bowl.

The dough will be very soft and batter-like. This is normal for ciabatta.

loose, batter-like dough in bowl of stand mixer fitted with dough hook

Step 3: Rise and turn the dough

Transfer the dough to a large bowl greased with olive oil. Cover and let it rise for 1 hour. Use wet hands or a greased silicone dough scraper to gently lift and fold the dough over onto itself. Flip the dough over so the top is now the bottom.

Cover the bowl and let the dough rise for 45 minutes. Repeat the folding process twice more and let rest for another 45 minutes after each.

process shots showing bowl of dough, stretching the dough, and folding it over onto itself

Step 4: Shape the dough

Transfer the dough to a well-floured surface and liberally flour the top of the dough. Use two well-floured bench scrapers and carefully manipulate the dough from the sides to form a square.

Don’t add any pressure to the top of the dough or it will deflate. Cut the square in half and use the bench scrapers to gently shape each half into a loaf.

Gently slide the bench scrapers under the dough and transfer each loaf to an inverted baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Cover the loaves with a cloth and let rise at room temperature for 30 minutes.

dumping dough out of bowl onto worksurface, shaping dough into a square using bench scrapers, cutting square dough in half, and two loaves of unbaked ciabatta

Step 5: Bake

Invert a baking sheet onto the rack just below the center of the oven and heat to 450°F.

Spray the loaves lightly with water. Then, carefully slide the parchment with the loaves onto the heated baking sheet in the oven. Bake for 25-30 minutes.

It’s important to bake with steam to create a crisp, golden crust. Do this by placing a cast iron on the lowest rack. When transferring the loaves to the oven, add 1 cup of ice to the cast iron. The ice will melt and steam during the first few minutes of baking.

two loaves of unbaked ciabatta on inverted baking sheet lined with parchment paper
Easy Homemade Ciabatta Bread sliced on a piece of brown parchment paper.

I don’t have a mixer. Can I use a food processor? Or can I mix by hand?

A stand mixer is recommended for this recipe! This dough is high in hydration, meaning it is very sticky. A stand mixer is the easiest way to mix it.

You can try mixing it with a wooden spoon and kneading it by hand but be mindful that adding more flour during kneading will affect how the bread turns out.

I don’t recommend using a food processor for mixing.

Tips for this easy ciabatta bread recipe

  • Plan ahead since the sponge needs to be made a day in advance.
  • The dough for this bread is very wet and sticky. It requires a lot of external flour to prevent it from sticking. If you use too much flour on the outside, you can easily brush it off before spritzing the loaf with water and baking. Just use a pastry brush* to do this.
  • The dough will puff up and resemble a giant marshmallow. Be very delicate when shaping it so you don’t knock out all the air. The air is what gives the bread those gorgeous irregular holes.

More yeast bread recipes you’ll love

Some quick bread recipes you might like

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Front view of Ciabatta Bread cut in half so the inside is visible.

Homemade Ciabatta Bread

Yield: two 12-inch loaves
Prep Time: 45 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Resting Time: 23 hours
Total Time: 1 day 15 minutes

This simple Ciabatta Bread recipe will give you a rustic Italian loaf that is perfect for dipping into soups or sauces. The high hydration in this bread results in a wonderfully chewy center and tons of irregular holes.


For the poolish

  • 1 ½ cups (200 g) bread flour
  • 1 scant cup (200 ml) water, room temperature
  • ¼ teaspoon instant yeast

For the dough

  • 2 ⅔ cups (350 g) bread flour
  • 1 cup (240 ml) water, room temperature
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • ½ teaspoon instant yeast


Make the poolish

  1. Combine the flour, water, and yeast in a medium bowl. Stir with a wooden spoon until fully combined and the mixture is smooth. Cover with plastic wrap and allow it to ferment at room temperature for 15 to 20 hours.

Make the dough

  1. Add the poolish and all ingredients for the dough to the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment. Mix on low speed until all the flour is moistened, about 2 minutes. Increase the speed to medium-low and mix until dough forms into a mass and pulls away from the sides of the bowl, about 6 minutes.
  2. Switch to the dough hook attachment and mix on medium-low until dough becomes smooth and shiny, about 10 minutes. The dough will be soft, wet, and sticky much like batter.
  3. Lightly coat the inside of a large bowl with olive oil or nonstick spray. Use a silicone dough scraper to scrape the dough into the bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and let rise for 1 hour at room temperature.
  4. Using a greased scraper or damp fingertips, gently grab one side of the dough, lift and stretch it over the top of itself. Turn the bowl 180 degrees and stretch the same way. Rotate 90 degrees, stretch and fold. Rotate 180 degrees to stretch and fold the final side. Flip the dough over so the bottom becomes the top. Cover with plastic wrap and let rest at room temperature for 45 minutes. Repeat folding two more times, then cover with plastic wrap and let sit for an additional 45 minutes after each.
  5. Adjust the oven racks so that one is in the lower-third position (just below the center) and one is at the very bottom position. Place a cast-iron skillet on the lowest rack and an inverted baking sheet on the upper rack. Heat the oven to 450°F. It's important to let the oven preheat for at least an hour to ensure it is hot enough.
  6. Liberally dust your work surface with flour and let the dough slide out of the bowl onto the counter. Be very gentle here so you don't knock all the air out of the dough and try to handle the dough as little as possible. Liberally dust the top of the dough with flour. Using 2 well-floured bench scrapers, carefully manipulate the dough from the sides to form a square. Take care not to put pressure on top of the dough.
  7. Cut the dough in half, down the middle of the square. Gently shape each half into loaves by using the bench scrapers to manipulate the sides.
  8. Invert a large baking sheet and place a sheet of parchment paper across the top. Dust liberally with flour. Using both bench scrapers, slide them under both ends of the dough and transfer the dough to the prepared parchment paper. Repeat with the remaining loaf. Use your fingertips to gently poke the surface of each loaf as you shape it into a rectangle.
  9. Cover with a lint-free cloth to prevent the loaves from drying out. Proof in a draft-free place until puffy and the surface develops small bubbles, about 30 minutes.
  10. Have 1 cup of ice ready. Mist the loaves with water and carefully slide the parchment with loaves on the heated baking sheet in the oven using a jerking motion. Immediately drop the ice into the cast-iron pan on the bottom rack. Quickly close the oven door.
  11. Bake, until the crust is a deep golden brown, about 25-35 minutes. The internal temperature of the bread should be 210-215°F.
  12. Transfer to a rack to cool completely before slicing and serving


It's very important to measure the ingredients correctly! While I do list cup measurements, if you do not measure accurately, the dough will not form properly. For 100% success with this recipe, please use the weight measurements. This is a soft, sticky dough. It's difficult to work with and requires patience.

This is a 80% hydration bread. If you have difficulty working with the dough, lower the hydration to 70% by using 3 ¼ cups (422 g) flour in the dough.

You may bake the bread on an oven stone if you prefer. Place it in the oven to preheat in step 5.

Shaping ciabatta: This is meant to be an easy recipe with limited handling. Because of this, it can be difficult to build surface tension around the dough to hold in the gas. If you continuously have trouble with getting large irregular holes in the bread, then it's because the gas is escaping. Make sure you are adequately stretching and folding to build up the surface tension.

How to keep ciabatta fresh

  1. Wrap completely cooled bread in aluminum foil and it will keep for up to 2 days at room temperature. The crust will soften but can be toasted if you wish to crispen it up.
  2. The bread will stay fresh for up to 3 months if stored in the freezer. Wrap the cooled loaves in double layers of plastic wrap followed by double layers of aluminum foil. Reheat the frozen loaves as desired in the oven.
  3. I don't recommend refrigerating the bread. Oftentimes, this will dry it out.

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    Nutrition Information:
    Yield: 12 Serving Size: 2 small slices
    Amount Per Serving: Calories: 197Total Fat: 1gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 355mgCarbohydrates: 39gFiber: 1gSugar: 0gProtein: 7g

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    This recipe has been updated with a few tweaks to ensure everyone has success. I’ve added additional yeast and there’s also less handling of the dough which prevents the air from being knocked out.

    Adapted from On Baking and Bread Illustrated.

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    1. TLDR: DELICIOUS!! One of the best bread recipes I’ve made, and I’ve made a lot!!

      Holey Moly!! This bread was perfect!!! Perfectly short, wide, crusty, and holey! I followed instructions precisely and baked on my heavy-duty baking steel which preheated for almost 2 hours. The only hard part about this recipe is loading the dough into the oven, quickly adding the ice to the lower rack, and getting the oven door closed quickly, lol. To prepare for loading, I put the shaped loaves on a semolina-dusted parchment sheet which was on top of an upside-down sheet pan. This made it easy to slide the parchment with the loaves onto the screaming hot baking steel. Pure deliciousness! I admit to eating buttered toasted slices well past their prime (4 days post-bake) and that was delicious too!

      Now, I also want to share that I have been baking bread for more than 20 years and have been pretty proud of myself several times. I’ve come pretty close but in all this time I have not perfected the French loaves we love from our grocer’s bakery… yes, Publix does a great job in the bakery. There’s a flavor to those that I just haven’t perfectly achieved. Well, the excellent flavor of this ciabatta was as near to that flavor as I’ve ever gotten. From one introvert to another, THANK YOU!!! I plan to do a little tinkering, lower the hydration level slightly, be a bit more assertive in developing gluten, and hope to make baguettes with this dough.

    2. Hi, I was wondering if you can make any suggestions. I made the dough exactly as instructed and felt really good about how “gassy” it looked going into the oven.

      I used a ceramic ciabatta baker I received as a gift instead of on top of a baking sheet. My oven has a steam function so I used that instead of the cast iron and ice cubes.

      The bread rose too high and cooked and browned too quickly, in about 20 minutes. It had a hard crust when I took it out but it quickly turned soft. It has a good flavor but it isn’t really anything like ciabatta should be, short, dense, and holy. Any tips?

      1. I have never used a ceramic ciabatta baker so I can’t offer any advice on this. Looking at photos, the baker makes more of a baguette style of loaf – long and skinny. You can try to use the method I give in the recipe to get more of what my photos look like.

    3. OMG! Best ciabatta bread ever! Thank you for sharing it! My kids devoured a loaf just for afternoon tea! I am going to have to start the poolish tonight again 🙂

    4. Fantastic recipe! I’ve made this 3 times now and it just gets better and better! Just need more practice with shaping the bread.

    5. Michael Demmons says:

      My experience with bread is making the New York Times No Knead bread. I’ve done it a hundred times. I have never made other breads. This weekend, we’re having burgers, so I thought I would try this ciabatta a few days in advance to see if I could make it.

      I doubled the recipe and followed the recipe to the letter (except a few minutes here or there on rising times).

      It turned out perfectly. I couldn’t believe how doomed it looked to failure. It was “too sticky” I thought because I never used wet dough. Anyway, it turned out just as nice as the ones in the photos. I love everything about it.

      Now to get them down to burger size!

    6. Elizabeth says:

      I just did this recipe and OMG! I love it. I was doubting myself a little but as they baked it turn into major excitement! I made them into 8 rolls or squares instead of the two loaves. 10 out of 10 for sure! It did take some time but SO worth it!

    7. Sue Zajac says:

      Thank you. This is a game changer recipe for me. I’ve now made this three times and each time it gets better (I was missing those large holes but increased the amount of yeast a little and this improved it). Now it’s possible to make absolutely beautiful, flavoursome Ciabatta at home so no need to put up with sub-standard shop bread any more.

    8. Thanks for the excellent recipe, Jen!. Have made it several times and always end up eating the first loaf straight away….., I have previously had trouble with using a bowl and flipping the dough after stretching (Step 4 above). Perhaps obvious to most, but I have found placing a second same size oiled bowl on top of the bowl with the dough, it is easy to flip without disturbing the air in the dough.

    9. I tried this recipe the first time with white bread flour and it worked out well. I’ve since run out of bread flour and I’m wondering if I can get the same results using all purpose flour?

      1. You won’t have the same results with all-purpose flour. It’s a softer flour and the dough may be too wet.

    10. Tom Kottmeier says:

      Hi Jen! I’ve made it twice, got the yummiest bread both times! It’s tasty, crunchy, moist, and makes the best toast ever! The second time I poured (sort-of!) the dough direct into oiled aluminum forms, avoiding having to handle the verrrry sticky dough, and so not risking losing some air. I’m going to make it at least once a week, beats buying bread by far! I think you, an introvert, probably know your name is Swedish? It’s originally spelt Sjöbäck and means “lake-stream”… We Swedish introverts tend to be fastidious about things like that…
      Thanks again!

      1. I have a question about the part where you mix with the stand mixer. You go from 2 minutes to 6 minutes, then 10 minutes. Are those times cumulative? In other words is the dough in the stand mixer for a total of 10 minutes or a total of 18 minutes?

        1. Yes. You start out on low and mix for 2 minutes. You increase the speed to medium-low and beat for about 6 minutes. Then you change to the dough hook and continue to mix at medium-low for another 10 minutes.